The history of coffee has been recorded so far in the 9th century. First, there’s only coffee in Ethiopia, where the original grain grown by the Ethiopian highlands. However, when the Arabs began to expand trade, coffee beans are now expanding to North Africa and the coffee beans grown there en masse. Of North Africa that the beans began to spread from Asia to the European market and his fame as the drinks started to spread.

Coffee time to time

  • 1000 BC Coffee began to be known by the Galla tribe in East Africa.
  • > 5 M Coffee was known in parts of Ethopia
  • 700-1000 M Coffee was first recognized by the Arabs as an energy drink (to stay up). The spread of coffee began when it was together with the spread of Islam. Sources of the first coffee in one derah Mocha in Yemen.
  • 1000 CE Ibn Sina investigate chemicals of coffee, documents the first known document dissected copies of medical science and health.
  • 1400 The spread of coffee and coffee shops rapidly in the Arabian Peninsula, especially Mecca and Medina.
  • 1453 M Coffee is introduced to Constantinople by the Turks (Ottoman Caliphate). Coffee shops were first recorded there Kiva Han, opened in 1475.
  • 1600 AD Pope Clement VIII, confirmed to consider that ‘coffee culture’ is a heresy, ‘foreign cultures’ which can threaten (infidel) and because it was sinful for those who drink it. But then he allowed if the ‘coffee’ became part of (alternative) of food / drink kosher eaten by a Christian. In the same year, coffee was brought from Mecca to the Indian subcontinent (Asia Minor) by a person named Baba Budan when returning pilgrims from Mecca.
  • 1616 M Coffee was brought from Mocha (Yemen) to the Netherlands.
  • 1645 M first coffee shops opened in Venice, Italy.
  • 1650 M coffee shop first opened in Christian countries (Christendom) precisely in Oxford.
  • 1658 M Holland opened the first plantation in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1668 M Coffee Shop ‘Edward Lloyd’s’ opened in London. From the coffee shop is then Edward opened the most reputable insurance companies in the world Lloyd’s of London Insurance.
  • 1668 M Coffee began to be known in North America.
  • 1669 M Coffee Shop was introduced in Paris by the Turkish ambassador to the king Louis XIV.
  • 1670 M London infatuated coffee. Coffee shops opened in every corner of London. Coffee was introduced in Germany. In Brasilia, coffee cultivation began. This type of coffee grown is Coffea Arabica Lind.
  • 1674 M Women petition against coffee issued in London.
  • 1675 M dish of tea (tea house) was introduced in the Netherlands. Previously there was only serving beer / malt.
  • 1675 M King Charles II shut down the entire coffee shop in London, the main accusation was the coffee shop as a place of agreement treason.
  • 1679 M Chemists at Marseilles, France testified that coffee harmful and dangerous to health.
  • 1679 M first coffee shops opened in Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1688 M More than 800 coffee shops opened in Soho (England). Primarily by Calvinist Christian runaway from France (Huguenots).
  • 1689 M typical French café first opened, called Café de Procope-albeit in a crisis situation after the announcement of the coffee harmful to health.
  • 1696 M first coffee shop called The King’s Arms opened in New York.
  • A Dutch citizen named Zwaardecroon, brought some seeds from Mecca to Bogor, Indonesia. And, being the most important cash crop in the Indies.
  • 1706 M Coffee Java studied Dutch in Amsterdam.
  • 1714 M Coffee Java research results, the Dutch introduced and planted in the Jardin des Plantes by king Louis XIV.
  • 1720 M coffee shop opened in Florence last Florian.
  • 1723 M Gabriel du Clieu brought coffee beans from France to Martinique.
  • 1727 M Francisco de Mello brought coffee beans from France to be planted in Brazil.
  • 1730 M British plant coffee in Jamaica.
  • 1732 M Johann Sebastian Bach composing Coffee Cantata, in Leipzig. Cantata depicts spiritual journey as well as a parody on the fears of Germany to the rapid popularity of coffee in German (the German nation beer enthusiast)
  • 1777 King of Germany (Prussia) announced criticism and a ban on coffee, and declared as national drink German beer Raya.
  • Coffee shops early 1790 M typical British disappearing slowly replaced by a beer tavern (tavern).
  • 1802 M Cafe as a word that indicates where introduced in the UK (formerly coffee house). This word comes from the French word ‘eafé’ and almost seakar with Italian ‘caffe’. Café shows a place which is a main restaurant with a menu of coffee drinks.
  • 1809 M Coffee imports from Brazil first entered the American market in Salem, Massasuchet.
  • 1820 M Substances Caffeine is found in coffee drinks in unison by three different studies – and, of course, each researchers working independently – conducted by Runge, Robiquet, Pelletier and Caventou
  • 1822 M Prototypes of an espresso coffee machine made in France.
  • 1839 M word ‘Cafetaria’ is introduced as the word hybrid (combined) from Mexico, Spain and the UK.
  • 1859 M Michael Thonet’s Vienna Café chair No. 14 (stool coffee shop special was first introduced as a ‘bench suitable for use while sipping coffee’.
  • 1869 M Cofee leaf rust (fungus coffee) was first discovered in Sri Lanka and coffee plants in Asia.
  • 1873 M Coffee in packing mass was first introduced in America by John Arbukle.
  • Formed in 1882 AD The New York Coffee Exchange
  • 1869 M outbreak of a fungal disease across Asia that led to the destruction of the Coffea Arabica coffee manifold Lind, who was widely grown in Asia. Until this year people started growing different varieties of coffee are numerous in the area of ​​Congo.
  • 1904 M modern espresso machine made by Fernando Illy.
  • 1906 M Brazil raised the price of coffee after creating a price (exchange rate) fixed for coffee.
  • 1910 M Germany make decaf (reduction substance caffeine in coffee is as minimal as possible) and introduced to America by the name Dekafa.
  • 1911 M Traders coffee in the US to form the National Coffee Association.
  • 1915 M Pyrex found. First used as lighting, especially in the railway company as lampshades are heat resistant and weather or physical impact. Was introduced as a kitchen appliance, instead of glass. Coffee shops use pyrex glass as heat resistance.
  • 1920 M Coffee shops ‘new’ boom in America.
  • 1925 M Vienna Café chair No. 14 included in the exhibition L’esprit Nouveau in France by Le Corbusier. Until
  • 1933 bench models are manufactured more than 50 million.
  • 1927 M espresso coffee machine was first introduced in the United States. Taking the first coffee shop ‘La Pavoni’ in New York. This machine is specially designed by renowned Italian architect Gio Ponti.
  • 1928 M Colombia Coffee Federation was formed.
  • 1930-1944 M Brazil wiping out 78 million bags of coffee to stabilize prices.
  • 1938 M Cremonesi makes piston pump that can spray hot water with high keepatan to brew coffee.
  • 1938 M Nestle find instant coffee in Brazil, Nestle today is the largest instant coffee producer in the world.
  • 1939-1945 AD The Americans brought instant coffee in the war and introduced it to the world.
  • 1942 M Coffee into goods stored clandestinely. In the UK at this time coffee was rationed at a certain amount.
  • 1946 M Factory capucinno Gaggia machine producing commercially for the first time. The word comes from the color capucinno frock Capucin (flow Francisian-1529).
  • 1948 M Achille Gaggia find espresso coffee machines en masse in Milan.
  • 1952 M Machine Gaggia imported into the UK. At this year’s coffee shop after the second world war for the first opened in London in July.
  • 1953 M Bar Espresso spread across Soho. The first is Mocha in the 29 Frith Street.
  • 1954 M Restrictions on ownership of a number of commodities such as coffee ended with the end of the transitional period of the second world war.
  • 1957 M Catherine Uttley register 200 coffee bars in London. Starting many coffee bars that use plastics ranging from kitchen equipment, dining, floor to furniture.
  • 1960 M Coffee Bar recorded doubled from 1,000 to 2,000 in the whole of the UK, mostly in London, about 500 pieces.
  • 1962 AD The highlight of coffee consumption per capita in the United States, 3 cups per person per day.
  • 1962 M International Agreement on trade in coffee is made, the intent to control prices.
  • 1964 M Coffee Bar dying in England, replaced by a restaurant with a variety of dishes.
  • 1970 M Mokha café is closed after the manner cynical by American author William S Burroughs.
  • 1971 M opened the first Starbucks outlets in Seattle.
  • 1973 M Fair Trade Coffee was first imported to Europe from Guatemala.
  • 1975 M Brazil suffered due to crop failure, world coffee prices skyrocketed.
  • 1989 International Coffee MPerjanjian failed to stabilize prices. In the history of the coffee trade fell to the lowest level.
  • 1990 M Some coffee shops were closed for the arrangement of space (redevelopment) in the UK. Introduced organic coffee that are excellent in the world coffee market.

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